(WGGB / WSHM) – The recent death of country singer Naomi Judd has raised the issue of mental health and depression and how it affects adults.
Dr. Stuart Anfang, Baystate Health’s head of adult psychology, spoke to us about the symptoms to look out for and effective treatments.
What are the symptoms to look out for in adults suffering from depression?
Anfang: “So we’re looking for what we call the neurovegetative symptoms of depression, which easily include sleep disorders, appetite disorders, decreased energy, decreased interest in things, sometimes thoughts of injury or suicidal thoughts … These are among the symptoms that look for Of course, we want to rule out other things and health problems or other psychiatric illnesses that could have some of the same symptoms. ”
The National Institute of Mental Health states that an estimated 21 million adults had at least one depressive episode. This figure represents 8.4 percent of all adults in the United States. Is Adult Depression Growing?
Anfang: “So I would say that certainly or awareness of depression and depression has definitely escalated over the last two years.” During COVID, I think that isolation, the disruption caused by COVID, certainly now economic stressors and other types of global stressors, have all increased people’s symptom mentology and also probably raised people’s awareness of help and hopefully they want some help, so overall we probably see an increase in at least the people who are looking for help. “
What are the most effective ways to treat depression?
Anfang: “So the symptoms of depression exist in the spectrum.” One may have mild symptoms that may not cause a large number of functional disorders in terms of work or school or daily life, to more severe symptoms that actually make it very difficult or impossible to function effectively at work, school or daily life. life and may even cause safety concerns, which may mean that you will need a higher level of care. So depending on the symptoms, treatment may include psychotherapy, which may include things like cognitive behavioral therapy or motivational therapy or more intensive physiotherapy, or medications that may include antidepressant medications that are very effective and often combined medications in pyschothreapy is often very effective depending on on the severity of the symptoms. Most depressions are managed by primary care physicians, at least in the mild stages, but sometimes if symptoms are more severe or if initial treatment efforts are unsuccessful, this may require referral to a behavioral health specialist.
At what point do you think someone should seek help?
Anfang: “So you would usually think of someone who has a disability, where it really interferes with their ability to enjoy and be productive in everyday life. You want to keep in mind the symptoms I’ve been talking about – sleep disorders, appetite disorders, energy, depressed mood, reluctance, crying. If anyone thinks that it would be better if they were dead, or that they hurt themselves or actually tried something they would hurt, it would be a real warning sign that would call for help, and A good place to start your primary care doctor. That would be the best place to start. “
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